Brazil to obtain to obtain lower prices for patented ARVs by threatening produce AIDS drugs locally

The results showed although the cost of locally produced generics in Brazil increased antiretroviral drugs from 2001 to 2005, the country was about $ 1 billion recorded in the same period over contentious price negotiations with multinational pharmaceutical companies for patented ARVs. Since 2001, Brazil to obtain to obtain lower prices for patented ARVs by threatening produce AIDS drugs locally . Although these negotiations initially prompted major declines in AIDS drug spending HAART costs in Brazil The sharp increase 2004 to 2005. The sharp increase reflects the fact that more people with HIV / AIDS treatment began and live longer. The increase also reflects the challenges of providing complex, costly second-and third-line treatment than people develop resistance to first-line drugs, live longer and require more complex treatments connected. ‘Although Brazil has saved large sums by negotiating with pharmaceutical companies, there is important challenges with the rising costs of providing universal access to AIDS treatment,’said Amy Nunn, lead author of the study and a former researcher at HSPH. ‘Brazil’s challenges rising costs rising costs of other developing countries suspect face as she universal access to treatment for all with HIV / AIDS with HIV / AIDS. Brazilian experience shows, when the world community is really providing quality treatment required all people ,, needs far more resources are mobilized to achieve this important goal. ‘.

The study, conducted in Japan, examined the effect of periodontal disease on medical and dental costs in 4,285 patients over a 3.5 years period. The patients were aged between 40-59. The researchers found that cumulative health care costs were 21 percent higher for those patients with severe periodontitis than those without periodontal disease. Severe periodontal disease, or gum disease involves bone loss and diminished attachment around the teeth. – While previous studies have evaluated the possible association between periodontal disease and other systemic conditions, this study an interesting analysis of total costs of health care and the financial implications of the features with periodontal disease, said JOP editor Kenneth Kornman, The research suggests that patients with sever periodontal diseases arise higher overall spending on health care than the comparison patients without periodontitis. Prevention of periodontal disease can be very important to the overall health, and this study suggests that it indirectly translate into lower total health care costs .

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It is important for a patient for his / her conclude course of antibiotics ), a they are prescribed – kill all the bacteria. If we are not to complete the course there is a bigger chance bacterial bacteria stronger and to produce more resistant progeny. In If this resistant offspring infection other person, and this person does not be finished / her course of antibiotics, perform cause longer resistant bacterial.

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